Green Party of Canada
"The huge amount of money Imperial wants from the government is completely unjustified, especially where this kind of project does not create long term jobs. When money is put into this kind of project there is less for other important and less damaging sectors," said Cathy MacLellan, Green Natural Resources and Energy Critic.
"This pipeline is far from certain and many details remain to be examined," said Green Leader Elizabeth May. "NEB approval is conditional on what amounts to a new round of assessment to be submitted six months prior to any construction to assess the engineering of the project in light of climate change impacts. Industry has yet to figure out how to cope with construction of a sub-surface pipeline in permafrost that is melting. The level of warming for which the engineering should plan is a key issue and if they under-design, the pipeline could be a true disaster."
The NEB has called for a re-assessment of the engineering to deal with expected temperature increases three times higher than global average warming. "If this project goes ahead, significant re-engineering will be needed to ensure the pipeline will be safe over the life of the project in a rapidly warming Arctic. Melting permafrost and 600+ water crossings means that the pipeline will undergo significant stress. Any failure of the pressurized pipeline will be disastrous for the Arctic," said John Streicker, Green Arctic Affairs Critic.
Assuming the project goes forward, the Green Party contends that the re-assessment called for by the NEB needs to be conducted under the rules of the Canadian Environmental Assessment Act (CEAA). The Greens are calling on the federal government to repeal the sections of CEAA that were forced through with the 2010 budget removing energy projects from CEAA jurisdiction. "CEAA is an important tool to ensure that any assessment of the pipeline is conducted properly and with public input," said May. "Also, prior to any approvals, any First Nations claims must be fully resolved."
Greens are also calling on government to ensure that the pipeline gas displaces dirty fuels, not enables them. "If the project clears hurdles and ultimately goes ahead, the approvals should direct natural gas to clean uses-- shutting down coal plants; not firing up tar sands expansion," said May.
"This is where government policy needs take up the role of leadership and set the direction of the development in such a way that makes sense within the context of the new climate change agreements."
The Harper government just signed onto COP16 agreements calling for industrialized countries to cut emissions 25-40% below 1990 levels by 2020.